Why did the art of calligraphy develop in the Orient?
I would like to write the reason.
・ Kanji has a very interesting pictograph
・ There are a wide variety of kanji
・ A tool called a brush brings rich expression
・ Connected to cultural activities such as tea ceremony, literature, and painting
The above is considered to be the reason.
Next, I would like to write about the history of Japanese calligraphy.
The history of Japanese calligraphy begins when the characters came from China during the Yayoi period.
During the Asuka period, Prince Shotoku wrote “Hokkegisyo（法華義疏）”.
Hokkegisyo is the oldest calligraphy work in Japan and has a Buddhist interpretation.
In the early Heian period, three excellent calligraphers, Sanpitsu（三筆）, appeared.
Kukai, Emperor saga, and Hayanari Tchibana.
Until now, the writing style was all about China, but from around the Heian period, Japan’s unique calligraphy culture emerged.
At this time, the character Kana (仮名), which is unique to Japan, is completed.
In the middle of the Heian period, Sanseki（三蹟）, three excellent calligraphers, reappeared.
They are Michikaze ono, Sukemasa Fujiwara, and Yukinari Fujiwara.
After that, Japan entered the Kamakura period. The Kamakura period was also a time when new Buddhist denominations were born one after another.
The monks of each sect created unique calligraphy works.
In particular, calligraphy works written by Zen Buddhist monks are called “Bokuseki（墨跡）”.
After that, Japan entered the Edo period.
Until now, calligraphy has developed mainly in aristocratic societies, but in the Edo period it spread to samurai families and tradesmen.
By the way, the calligraphy works posted in this article were written by me (Yamamoto)!